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semen analysis

Semen Analysis

Semen Analysis looks at the volume and quality of sperm. It’s one of the first steps in detecting fertility issues. A semen analysis also shows whether a vasectomy was successful. The test involves collecting a semen sample and evaluating it in a lab.

One of the most important tests for determining a man's ability for reproduction is semen analysis. It entails analyzing a sample of semen to determine a number of factors that may affect a man's capacity for conception. The salient features of a semen analysis are as follows:

  1. Semen volume: A normal ejaculation will contain 1.5 to 5 milliliters of semen. Low semen volume may be a sign of issues with the prostate gland or seminal vesicles.
  2. Sperm count (concentration): The quantity of sperm in each milliliter of semen is determined by this method. Between 15 million to 200 million sperm per milliliter is considered normal.
  3. Sperm motility: This measures the proportion of actively migrating sperm. There are two types of sperm motility: non-progressive (going backward) and progressive (swimming ahead).
  4. Sperm morphology: This evaluation considers the sperm's dimensions, form, and appearance. An elevated proportion of sperm with irregular shapes may suggest problems with conception.
  5. Liquefaction time: After ejaculation, semen is initially viscous but should liquefy in 20 to 30 minutes. An infection or other problems may be indicated by a prolonged liquefaction time.
  6. Other cell presence: White blood cells, which may be indicative of an infection, or immature sperm cells (round cells), which may be a symptom of testicular problems, are also checked for in the semen sample.

Comprehensive semen analysis testing is available at the Fertility Center to assess a man's potential for fertility. One of the first diagnostic procedures that are frequently suggested during an infertility workup is semen analysis.

Our andrology lab uses cutting-edge technology and adheres closely to World Health Organization (WHO) regulations to guarantee precise and trustworthy findings from semen analysis.

Either in our facility or at home, a sample of ejaculated semen is obtained for the semen analysis procedure. You will receive detailed instructions from our team on how to retrieve the sample. Our skilled andrologists then look at the sample under a microscope.

Key parameters evaluated during a semen analysis include:

- Semen volume

- Sperm concentration (count)

- Sperm motility (movement)

- Sperm morphology (shape)

- Presence of anti-sperm antibodies

- Other cellular elements

In some cases, additional tests like sperm function assays or genetic testing may be recommended based on the initial semen analysis results.

Our physicians will review the complete semen analysis report with you and explain what the findings may mean for your fertility. Depending on the results, treatment options like intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF), or other assisted reproductive techniques may be discussed

Semen Analysis FAQ:

Q: How do I schedule a semen analysis?

A: Your physician will provide you with a requisition order and instructions after your initial consultation. You can then contact our andrology lab to make an appointment.

Q: How should I collect the semen sample?

A: We will provide you with a sterile collection container and detailed instructions for proper collection either at our facility or at home before the appointment.

Q: How long does it take to get the results?

A: Our lab aims to provide semen analysis results within 1-3 business days after receiving the sample.

Q: Do I need to abstain from sexual activity before providing a sample?

A: Yes, we typically recommend 2-5 days of abstinence prior to collection for optimal sample quality.

Q: Can medications or illnesses affect semen analysis results?

A: Certain medications, fevers, and other illnesses can potentially impact semen parameters. Be sure to discuss your medical history with your physician.

Q: Is the semen analysis painful or uncomfortable?

A: No, the actual semen collection process is not painful or uncomfortable for most men.